The UN family works side by side with the Government and the people of Tanzania to create an environment where everyone can participate and benefit from the development process.
As one of eight countries to pilot UN reform, the UN in Tanzania aims to provide more coherent and effective support to national priorities. There is a need for the UN to reposition itself to remain relevant and deliver more efficiently in the dynamic and changing aid environment in Tanzania.
The former UN Secretary-General appointed a High-level Panel on System-wide Coherence, whose Report of November 2006 conveys the challenges facing the UN and the need to “Deliver as One” for better results. The recommendations of the Panel on One UN Programme, One UN Budget, One UN Office and One UN Leader form the basis of the reform process in Tanzania.
Tanzania requested to be a pilot country through the then Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, Dr. Asha-Rose Migiro, who is now the UN Deputy Secretary-General.
The website of the UN Country Team in Tanzania highlights the collaborative efforts and joint response of the United Nations to help better address Tanzania’s priority humanitarian and development challenges. In doing so, the UN Country Team aims to support national efforts to help reduce poverty, to encourage pro-poor growth and to accelerate human development so that Tanzania can both achieve the goals set for itself through the MKUKUTA and the MKUZA, and more broadly, attain the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by 2015.
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The One Programme in Tanzania
The One UN Programme is one of the four pillars of the One UN concept, along with the One Budget, the One Office and the One Leader. The Programme is the outcome of an effort by the Government of Tanzania and UN agencies to identify results within priority areas that can be jointly achieved. These priority areas for joint UN intervention are drawn from the broader UN Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF), which is fully aligned to the National Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategies for mainland Tanzania and Zanzibar, know by their Swahili names MKUKUTA and MKUZA.
By jointly addressing key development issues, the UN will be able to more efficiently combine its technical expertise and focus on comparative advantages. The organization will reinforce its policy advisory and advocacy work and strive to become a more effective partner to the Government and its people on all fronts. Other UN TZ Resources, please visit Dir Lobby.
The modern Tanzanian state is formed from the former colony of Tanganyika, on the Mainland, and the former Protectorate of Zanzibar. Tanganyika became independent from British-administered UN trusteeship on 9 December, 1961 and became a Republic in December 1962. Tanganyika united with Zanzibar on 26 April 1964 to form the United Republic of Tanzania.
Tanzania is among the poorest countries in the world. The economy depends heavily on agriculture, which accounts for about half of GDP, provides 85% of exports, and employs 80% of the work force. According to the Poverty and Human Development Report 2005, the proportion of the population below the national food poverty line was 19 percent, while 36 percent of the population lives below the national basic needs poverty line. Under MKUKUTA and Vision 2025, Tanzania will strive to halve the numbers living in poverty by 2010, and eradicate it fully by 2025.
The main development challenge, which all efforts in Tanzania aim to address, is widespread and persistent poverty in all its dimensions. The United Nations in Tanzania bolsters the MKUKUTA and the MUKUZA process through a team of 17 Agencies, Funds and Programmes, under the leadership and coordination of the UN Resident Coordinator to more effectively respond to national priority development and humanitarian challenges of Mainland Tanzania and Zanzibar.